NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
GENERAL FACULTY MEETING
Tuesday, September 5, 2000
Williams Hall Auditorium (2215)
3:00 P. M.
1. Welcome and Opening Remarks
The meeting was called to order at 3:00 p.m. by Frederick T. Corbin, Chair of the Faculty .
Chair Corbin welcomed everyone to the meeting.
2. Introduction of Guests
Chancellor Fox thanked everyone for attending and introduced the Executive Officers of the university.
3. Approval of the Minutes of the November 1, 1999 General Faculty Meeting
The minutes were approved as edited.
4. Remarks from Chair-Elect of the Faculty, Philip Carter
Chair-Elect Carter stated that the symbol for NC State is different from most as it symbolizes the sacrifices made in military service to our nation by NC State students. "The Bell Tower memorializes those former students who gave their lives in World War I. It has come to symbolize the sacrifices made in the service of our country. NC State University has taken pride in the alumni who have gone through our ROTC Program such as General Maxwell Thurman, who retired as Commander and Chief of the Southern Command; General Hugh Shelton, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and our own past Board of Trustees Chairman, Smedes York, who takes pride in the fact that he was General Shelton’s superior when they were both in the ROTC Program at NC State. We continue to take pride in the students who go through the ROTC and serve in either active or reserve duty. At this time I would like to introduce the new commanding officers of our programs and welcome them to the faculty: Colonel Joseph Fitzpatrick, Air Force; Captain Dennis Hanes with the Navy and Marines, who is represented today by Lieutenant Mark Cooper; Lieutenant Colonel Bruce Cardelli, the Army, who is accompanied by Major Dan Marks; and Major Jim Helton with the Air Force, who is NC State’s academic military liaison."
Chair-Elect Carter also recognized the achievements and continuing contributions of Professor Richard Ford, who at the end of the semester last spring was promoted to Brigadier General in the US Air Force Reserves. Professor Ford is the highest ranking veterinarian in the military and the only biomedical service corps officer in the Department of Defense to hold the rank of General Officer. Professor Ford has served as an outstanding teacher of veterinary students, an outstanding clinician in the veterinary teaching hospital and as host of a nationally telecast television program. He also found time to host the group from NC State that was in the Connecting in North Carolina Program last spring.
5. State Employees Combined Campaign
Chancellor Fox stated that the State Employees Combined Campaign is an opportunity for everyone to step up to give back to the community. "In fact, it is those that we have helped most deeply that are the beneficiaries of the campaign. I enthusiastically endorse all the activities and contributions that we will be able to make."
Chancellor Fox thanked Ed Erickson, Chair of the North Carolina State University Campaign, for his leadership role in promoting the campaign with the faculty and staff.
Dr. Erickson stated that traditionally NC State University is extraordinarily generous and many of the employees contribute very graciously to the campaign. "In the last several years the university has come very close to a fifty-percent participation. This year we are working hard to break that fifty-percent barrier, of participation and to break it with momentum. If we do that, the campaign has set a strong monetary goal for us. We are going to focus on participation." Dr. Erickson said if the university breaks that fifty-percent barrier, everything else will fall into place and we will be able to feel very good about ourselves.
6. University and Community College Bond
Remarks from Chancellor Fox
"There are zero issues which are more important in my opinion than the university and community college bond which will be on the referendum ballot on November 7, 2000. I include among the things for which this bond exceeds importance, the appointment of an Athletic Director today. We were very pleased that Lee Fowler, who was the athletic director at Middle Tennessee State, accepted our offer to become the athletic director at NC State. I want to assure you that one of the first things that he said was how important it is to maintain academic standards, integrity, and the success of our student athletes. These were the reasons that Mr. Fowler was chosen as athletic director, and it was the major reason why the committee recommended him to me. We are delighted to have him join us. He will be joining us October 1, 2000, relieving Charles Moreland who is the Interim Athletic Director.
This bond for NC State students is, of course, for the benefit of all of North Carolina. It is a referendum in which citizens will be able to step forward and talk about the future of education in this state. It will be an education that is played out at fifty-nine community colleges and the sixteen institutions that constitute the University of North Carolina system. Therefore, it is a bond that benefits the entire state. The community colleges are significant partners in this effort–not only because they train many of our students who later transfer to NC State, but also because they provide the kind of educational involvement that allows the entire state to flourish and to participate in activities. Six hundred million of the 3.1 billion dollars involved in the referendum will be provided to community colleges. Although a match is required in some counties, the match for that six hundred million is only one hundred and thirteen million in those counties that can afford it from their tax base. There is no county that requires that match. In fact, if they want to turn down a ratio of more than four to one in terms of facilities availability, they are able to do so. We know that more students transfer every year and that therefore the quality of the community colleges and assistance that they provide in meeting our obligations to the state are really very critical. So it is for that reason that we are proud to have the community colleges as significant partners in this effort.
The situation at NC State is extremely significant. NC State is the institution in the system which is most over capacity. We are over capacity by 4,000 students, using national standards for how much space is required for faculty offices and undergraduate laboratories , etc. It is getting even worse than that because the application burden is increasing every year. At the beginning of our class year, we were unable to admit 5,000 students who had the academic qualifications to succeed here. In 1990, 29% more students were in the first grade than in the twelfth, which shows that we are having a population bubble continue through. This year there are 64% more students in the first grade than in the twelfth. It means that if we are to accommodate some of this growth at NC State, we have to grow. The system has required us to grow to 31,000. They would like us to grow to 35,000. I have said in a very straight-forward way that it is impossible, since we are over capacity now to grow without a major investment in additional capacity and in renovation and repair of the buildings that currently exist. There is a space shortage of approximately 800,000 usable square feet or approximately 1.0M net square feet for buildings that will need to be constructed in order to accommodate those students by 2008. If you look at what this means in terms of students’ lives, these are photographs that you are all familiar with. You see students waiting in line to get services. You have classrooms in which the usual desks are not only filled, but we have filled around the sides and edges of these classrooms.
You find that every seat in lecture halls is filled, making it impossible for additional students to have access to those classes and therefore to make prompt progress toward their degrees.
You will find that in addition to this next space problem, that many of the buildings are old. This campus was founded 113 years ago, and of course buildings have come online at various stages since then. Fifty-six percent of our buildings were constructed before 1970. Seventy two percent were constructed before 1980 and have not been renovated. We have to make an investment with these kinds of buildings. Science and technology are not the same as in 1970, when some of us were ourselves students. Right now what we have is approximately 1000 buildings. There are approximately 11.0 M gross square feet of space and the current replacement value for that space is approximately 1.4 billion dollars. A lot of it is laboratory intensive. If you were running a company which was laboratory intensive, the industry standard would be about a 3 to 5% investment in renovation and repair per year. Instead, we have been able to do much less than that. What we have had over the last decade is about eight-tenths of a percent of the replacement value, or about $11.0 M per year. We have used that money only when the renovation or repair was really dire. We have waited for problems before we have been able to fix them. In fact, even to go to a modest level of current replacement value, we would need about $28.0 M per year. Recognizing that this is the sort of year that we need over the period of the bond, it indicates how serious it is for us to make an investment now. The total deferred maintenance estimated by the state construction office is approximately $175.0M. Again, if you walk around the campus you can see what those numbers mean. It means that roofs are cracked. It means that you have room air conditioning units instead of HVAC systems for entire buildings. It means that there have been leaks in roofs. You will find electrical systems that are outdated. We know that hoods are not drawing as well as they should be to make sure that our laboratories are safe, and in some cases we have had to close them down.
So the answer to this dilemma is that we need a major investment from North Carolina. A 3.1 billion dollar bond issue has been approved by the General Assembly to be put to the voters on November 7. This referendum was unanimously supported by the North Carolina Legislature. Both Houses agreed on this referendum because it is so very important. All the existing governors are chairing the campaign. In addition to that legislative and executive support, Treasurer Harlan Boyles has assured us that it is possible within existing revenues to pay for this bond issue. So when we go forward paying for this bond, this is very much like a mortgage. We will have twenty- five years for payback.
The amount that the state is going to be paying represents only about two-thirds of the need. The state portion which is funded by the bond issue has nothing which could be funded on a self- liquidating revenue stream or from private sources. You will find from North Carolina State that there are no allocations on our list from the bond construction fund for residence halls, food service, student health, or recreational sports. Nor will you find any contributions for intercollegiate athletics, because these are either self-liquidated from fees generated by those businesses or they will be financed by private contributions.
Again, Harlan Boyles said that the average annual payment of one penny of the budget dollar is all that is required to finance this entire three billion dollar bond package. So if you look around campus, you will see a number of beautiful buildings on the outside. But if you go inside you find that they need to be completely remodeled starting from air handling systems and heating and air conditioning through the quality space that one sees. Leazar Hall will be completely redone. We will have four classroom buildings that are gateway classes in the lower division courses for almost all of our students redone and modernized. David Clark laboratories, part of which has been closed because of health considerations, will be modernized to increase laboratory and classroom space while we upgrade the unusable space that we have now. Of course, this is the place where all of those who are going into the biological sciences or pre-health sciences find their first gateway challenge. The College of Engineering will be relocated in its upper division courses and graduate program onto the Centennial Campus. What that means is that once they move, there will be other space freed on the main campus which will be renovated and repaired for other colleges. When you are over capacity, you do not have the luxury of being able to take a building off line to do the renovation and repair. So we have to build new space in order to accommodate our students while the renovation and repairs are going on, and the College of Engineering complex is a very important part of that strategy. The Arboretum has one half million dollars included for teaching classroom, and it represents the kind of investment from the government which will be met by private gifts. There is a more than six to one ratio already available for that renovation. The number of allied educational units will be improved both for particular applications and the facilities available on them. The libraries have a nine million dollars item which will both address space deficiency and provide study space for students and support additional enrollment growth. Withers Hall was constructed in 1939 and has not been modernized from its original condition. It will be modernized and converted into classroom space to allow more students to progress. The 1911 building requires complete renovations. Veterinary Medicine will have a new research building on the bio part which will be an extension of our Centennial Campus concept. It is very important since the college is so highly ranked and yet completely exceeds its available research space.
So the question is what happens if the bonds do not pass. The university will not close. We will continue to manage and operate this campus as well as we have done in the past. But many potential students will have to be turned away. We will have to become much more selective. Already the freshman class who came to us in September of this year had a 3.94 high school grade point average. Without space to allow expansion of our research portfolio, we will began to lose research project funding from the federal or state government. That means that current students will take longer to graduate since they will not be supported, and it means that we will be unable to take other students. As a result, the scientists who will undergird the technological growth at Research Triangle will not be available, and it will significantly influence the economy in the state. Perhaps most importantly, the fact that we do not have enough space means that the best of our faculty will start to get offers. Essentially not passing this bond issue is going to be like running a flag up the pole inviting raiding of North Carolina institutions. We expect that it will be very difficult for us to attract new faculty and retain the best faculty that we have. We believe that on November 7 the choice is very clear, and that the future of North Carolina depends on successful passage of this bond. The worst that could happen is that we do not have a good turnout on November 7. Thank you for your support for the bonds."
7. Commission on the Future of NC State
Comments from Chancellor Fox
"We had a wonderful visit with some outside people of high stature professions in June. It was a commission chaired by President Friday and President Norman Hackerman, former President at the University of Texas and at Rice University and now the Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of the Welch Foundation in Houston. Together they led an effort to think about planning at North Carolina State and to see what unique features would characterize this institution in the future. It has been two years since I first visited with you when I was named Chancellor of this great university. It is time to think about where we are going and how this institution has the possibility of going to the next level as one of the leaders not only in the South-east United States, but in the entire world. We have continued our improvement in offering the quality of education as well as the strength of our student body during these last two years. We believe that the planning that would allow us to move forward would allow us to become one of the nation’s very best institutions. I concluded in April, 1998, when I was first offered this position, that greatness was certainly within the grasp of this institution. In the last two years I have become more and more convinced that indeed that is the case.
This institution is unique among institutions of higher education with which I am familiar because of the incredibly cooperative spirit of the faculty and because of the support for this institution around the entire state of North Carolina. One of the obvious strengths that institutions in the United States have is the diversity of mission and purpose and demography of those who constitute that college community. We expect that NC State, because of all of these advantages, and because of the unique attitude of our faculty, is in an ideal position to lead the nation into the twenty first century. If you think about what NC State means to the people of North Carolina and in fact to our colleagues around the nation, we are recognized as an excellent land grant institution that promotes first-rate scholarship among our students and faculty. A selective institution, one that is becoming increasingly selective, that values access across economic and racial groups. One that competes in intercollegiate athletics in the Atlantic Coast Conference, an active partner with high tech businesses in the Research Triangle Park, a national leader in fostering on-campus collaboration on our unique and impressive Centennial Campus, and an enthusiastic participant in extending the research achievements on this campus to include and support activities undertaken by citizens of the State of North Carolina. We are, of course, the largest institution in the sixteen-university system in North Carolina, and as a result we have to respond to a number of changes. You heard some of them in the bond talk: the changing demographics, the evolution of a knowledge-based economy, the challenge of incorporating information technology into our everyday activities, the trend toward globalization in our ability to deal with international problems in a new and important way, the ability to cope with the knowledge explosion that undergirds what we are doing in research. With our sister institutions in the UNC system we share a passionate belief in the power of education. We have a commitment to scholarship and service in this community, in the state, and in the nation which sets us apart, and a strong concern for the development of the students that we serve. We also believe in what the Kellogg Commission has recently termed engagement as being characteristic of being institutions that have redefined what they mean by teaching, research and service to become even more sympathetic and productive in their interactions with partners and with their communities.
In the last two years that I have been here, I have looked around the campus and have seen that the intellectual focus of this campus is evolving as opportunities have arisen intellectually. With our sister school in Chapel Hill, we have been able to put together for the people of North Carolina a range of options that encompass everything in terms of intellectual progress which goes for the development of all of our students. It has been expressed by the education of the whole student and, of course, by the development of strong programs in individual disciplines in cross institutional programs. This emphasis includes outstanding professional schools in design, education, management, and veterinary medicine, while we still build on our traditional strengths in science, engineering, and technology. The focus as a major contributor for emerging of issues has led to neighborhoods on the Centennial Campus which map very well with interdisciplinary opportunities that have informed the scholarship of so many of our faculty. There are six such activities which have been defined. They have grown together very nicely both in terms of how we are seeking external support and in terms of what it means for the education of our students. One of these, information technology and networking, is responsible for a great deal of the growth in Research Triangle Park. We have had a traditional emphasis on advanced materials that continues. Environmental sustainability is an activity which is relevant to the research interest of more than a couple hundred of our faculty. We also have a very major effort in genomic sciences and bioinformatics that takes in participants from the College of Agriculture, the College of Veterinary Medicine, the College of Forest Resources, and the College of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. We are forging relationships on Centennial Campus in which these intellectual drivers from the faculty are related directly to those from the private sector. What that has meant in turn is that the research support which is coming from the private sector allows new kinds of opportunities. I can tell you that this is regarded with great interest and with envy by many of the schools around the nation who are currently higher on such useful rankings as the US News and World Reports.
When I first arrived in the summer of 1998, the senior leadership of the university came together to think about three areas in which we could excel: Building a diverse campus community, one that nurtures both intellectual and demographic diversity; one that fosters innovative partnerships with the private sector, other universities, and other partners within the intellectual community; and one that builds an efficient management structure that allows for effective planning and for matching of resources with plans. In the years that have ensued, we have provided a context by which we could look at those visions. We have looked by extensive bench-marking and planning activities to compact planning to inform where we are and where we want to be. We have adopted a goal of being among the top twenty-five of all public institutions in the United States–something that I truly believe we can accomplish, certainly within the next decade. Doing this means building our endowment. It means a more aggressive approach to external funding. It means having a greater alumni participation in annual giving, and it means funneling those resources into the intellectual activities which constitute the reputation of this university. At the same time we need to emphasize teamwork, the willingness to share management responsibility, and the sharing and development of new opportunities-- especially across traditional academic boundaries. If we can do that, I can assure you that the goal of being in the top twenty-five will be attained.
In addition, the presentation to the commission on the future highlighted two advantages. They were called by the commissioners at that time home runs. These involve the Centennial Campus, which is a concept by which reciprocal intellectual exchange is adopted as a model for how we go forward. As you know, the Centennial Campus is named because of its once-in-a-century donation at the hundredth anniversary of the founding of the university. It was given resources and the ability from the State Legislature to negotiate around some of the more onerous state regulations to foster partnerships in a new way. We have gone from twenty-two businesses when I arrived in August 1998 to fifty-nine business partners. We are at a stage on a curve in which after relatively flat growth for a long time, we are ready to take off spectacularly. This involves not only space for collaborative research, but also development of the entire campus. The opening, for example, of the Centennial Middle School this year represents a bench-mark in how our efforts for integrating K-12 education into the university’s mission can be played out in a new way. We have signed a contract for an Executive Conference Center which can allow for easy adoption of certification programs as part of our continuing education idea and can undergird some of our distance learning initiatives as well. The Executive Conference Center will be next to an Alumni Association building as soon as that is funded, and it will also include a turf grass management laboratory.
The other advantage that NC State has for developing exceptional programs rests on the broad reach that we have through the Cooperative Extension Service. In the last decade the traditional mission of the Cooperative Extension Service, which has been Agriculture, Plant Breeding, Animal Husbandry, etc., has expanded greatly to include other kinds of interactions, particularly in the College of Engineering, the School of Design, and the College of Humanities and Social Sciences and the College of Textiles. Indeed, the Kellogg Commission put together a group which made a national study of the opportunities available for allowing outreach to be part of the portfolio for every faculty member. We have concluded in our planning exercises that in order for this outreach to undergird or to strengthen the kinds of partnership opportunities that have been effective on our campus, that we need to have senior administrative leadership who will promote, sponsor, and seek additional support for the engagement activities which represent the extension of our extension program. For that reason we are suggesting that we will be searching soon for a Vice Chancellor level position for engagement and extension to allow broader participation in the idea of outreach as an intellectual activity.
This summer one of our distinguished faculty, Ellis Cowling, put together a study in which he interviewed many of the faculty, looking for what he believed would represent the future for North Carolina State and how it might be possible with an altered administrative structure to find stable financial support, essentially for seed funding and then continuing funding for new kinds of activities relevant to this outreach. We are at the stage where this represents just one of many challenges that we have. We have to continue to enhance the educational experiences of our students. We need to manage our enrollment and at the same time provide opportunity and access for the citizens of North Carolina. We have to have a plan for effective distance education. We have to have a way in which information technology is integrated better into our normal operations, delivered here to resident students as well as to those who are located anywhere around the world. We have to develop entrepreneurship as a characteristic of this institution and make it a recognizable campus option, so that those who come to NC State may be able to design programs that take advantage of our unique characteristics. We have to be supportive, much more supportive than we have been in the past, of active and competitive faculty. By that I mean we need to have a capital campaign by which funds are attracted, not only for buildings, not only for intercollegiate athletics, but for endowments, faculty, and graduate fellowships, because that is the life of the university. We have to find new ways of providing assistance financially for those students who are talented and can benefit from our education. We must enhance the role that the colleges play in collaboration with the central university in developing new interdisciplinary programs that can attract partnership opportunities. Of course we have to be open to new means by which leadership and scholarship can be delivered around the world. We need to respond to global opportunities. So in an exciting day in which there were many members of the faculty, virtually all of the deans and all of the executive officers participating with a group of people who are chief executive officers of major industries, former university presidents, presidents of the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the President of Duke University, we talked about these issues and about the vision that the institution can have, and how together we can make this a truly great institution, how we can take it from the place where we are, now to one that is reflected in a national reputation and that represents leadership for the entire nation. We can only do that with your help. I hope that we can count on your support, both in formulating goals of the capital campaign which will come directly out of the significant effort you all have made in adopting compact planning, and in providing the central administration with the ideas that you have for achieving these objectives. Once we have those funds in place, we will be able to work together to address new and evolving opportunities.
Comments from William C. Friday, Co-Chair and President Emeritus of the UNC System
"I will begin by saying amen to much of what she just said. It was a privilege and a pleasure to return to a group and sit and listen to all that we heard about NC State, what you are doing, what you want to do, what is needed to make that dream come true. The discussions in this group were very lively, and we did not feel inhibited in any way. If I had to sift through, I would say that there was profound gratitude among these people, most of whom had been schooled here, for what has been achieved by the faculty and staff at NC State. I certainly include myself among them. You cannot believe how they responded as they moved around the institution and looked at what we have here. The expressed pride, most of all appreciation for the quality of what happens. As you heard our Chancellor speaking here, I know your mind worked as ours did when we heard her describe all this growth and expansion. We must be very careful that qualitatively we do not diminish what you have built in service to all the people and particularly to the students and to the research community. I would like to underscore two or three points that arose to the surface here about faculty. This was the place where we spent most of the time. There were certain things here that we saw that we wanted to put our pressure under. For example, this group can do a lot to raise the money to substantially increase the number of endowed chairs of the faculty of NC State. This is something that is very important to do. Secondly, I do not think that we do as well as we should in telling the world what some of you do here. So much more can be done, but it will take energy and personnel time to do it. We think that should be done and done soon, because recognition should be forthcoming because it has been earned.
What our Chancellor had to say about the Centennial Campus I need not repeat. Let me add that working in the spirit of the Triangle and technology advances, there is so much that is about to happen in this region that it is critical that we continue the emphasis there and do so with all the energy that we can. The litany that she gave us on worlds of adventure here are really great. Like any group of people, we pay attention to what was said about the library system of NC State, too. This is very important, and special emphasis and underscoring took place on that particular line of inquiry. So we did what I know you would have done yourselves if you had been sitting there: look at the beating of the heart of what we do, and do everything you can to enhance, enrich, strengthen, expand and be concerned. Never let a budget go forward to any legislature that does not address the question of faculty compensation. I did not for nineteen budgets, and I do not think anyone else will because of the criticalness of this. This is not just salary, it is all the other things that have emerged as compensation that are so critical here. This group spoke very strongly about that with reference to students. The need for these facilities is enormous. Chancellor Fox said she could not tell you how to vote, but I am not a State employee any longer, so I will see you at the polls on November 7.
The concern of this group had to do with selection of these young people. What do we do? What about retention? What about graduation rates? I like to believe that when we admit a student to our university, we are going to do everything we can to make that young person a success. Our duty is to make them a success, and this is why this concern is so important. Yes, enrollment pressures are there, and they are going to continue for a while. It is not easy to balance that pressure with the retention of quality. You have to work at it and work hard at it. That includes the issue of diversity. I think NC State does a good job at that now, but it is going to take much more financial aid in the long run to see that this is maintained. The Park Scholars Program has had its impact here. It is a marvelous undertaking. There are other things we can do to recognize student achievement as well.
I want to thank you for honoring my co-chairman, Father Hesburgh, as you have done. I look forward to being here in December when you recognize him with an honorary degree.
We also talked about intercollegiate athletics. The Knight Commission met again last week, and I was particularly appreciative of hearing what our Chancellor had to say about the position of the athletic director she has chosen. I say that because in the deliberations last week, if there was a uniform statement, it is that all is not well in intercollegiate sports in the United States. There is a terrible fear of gambling in these summer camps where young people go, and excessive salaries being paid. These are issues that are very current. In the course of that discussion after seven hours together, the words turned to a kind of culture we are creating in the universities of this country today by doing what we are doing in college sports. We condone things with athletes that we would never do with other students. This is a problem that the American public is going to make us face before it is all over. One half century ago some of you will remember what happened at Madison Square Garden, and you do not hear of those institutions any more in intercollegiate competition. Twenty-five years later, we had our own problems here, another gambling episode right here, and it was very vivid in the memories of some of us. This is the fright that is out there now, because there is entirely too much money, too much power behind that money, too much manipulation by television networks telling us when to play, what days to play, what hours of the night to play, even now we are voting to play college basketball on Sunday night. It is something that the faculty of an institution has got to be attentive of. It finally and inevitably comes right down to you and to the officers in charge of the institution. I am delighted to know that we are starting out on this kind of foot with this kind of intention. Just be aware as a faculty of the pressures that are all around us.
Chancellor Fox spoke about public service. I do not think there is an institution in North Carolina that enjoys the respect of the people and the appreciation of the people the way that North Carolina State does. This has come about through the work of the Cooperative Extension Service, the multiple extension services of the other divisions, and the unusual sense of dedication that you can see from this institution. Look at what happened when the floods came. People from this campus quickly dealt with crisis in a way that people who were there could not. That kind of attention added to service is deeply appreciated. However, there are other forces working in the state now. I want to take a moment to mention and show you why this role of service and leadership is so critical today. If you have read the report of the Erskin Bowles Commission on the eastern part of North Carolina, throughout it all was technological advancement. Take the Internet to the people in these forty-one counties to open up this kind of process that will help them industrialize and diversify. That is our business and concern here. It is our duty in some way to be doing things that are appropriate to related functions of a land grant system. The General Assembly responded to some of this. There are huge appropriations for it now, and the rural economic development server which is a program staffed by a good NC State man is implementing it. I am sure they will be talking with many of you from time to time about where we go and what we do. A companion to all of this is the fact that on our campus now, we have based a North Carolina Progress Report. For twenty years or more there have been efforts to get North Carolina to sit down and plan its future by relating to problems and opportunities that the state has. Many years ago there was a group called North Carolina 2000 that turned out to be a very nice report that stayed on everyone’s shelf when we changed administrations. It taught me a lesson to never get involved with commission work unless someone makes a firm commitment to do something with what you come up with. That experience was followed by a commission on competitiveness. That commission made the recommendation to the ninety-five session of the Legislature that there be a North Carolina Progress Report to study the problems and opportunities of the state, and to then put a time context beside their improvement. If you have so many children caught in the illiteracy problem, measured by two year intervals, this much improvement will occur. If it does not, find out why it did not occur. From the 1950's to the 1970's, North Carolina did not cut taxes in any appreciable way. All those dollars went into this institution, Chapel Hill, East Carolina, community college systems, building up the state’s intellectual capacity. The result of that was the emergence of the Research Triangle. The Research Triangle has obviously been the engine of economic growth at North Carolina for the last decade. What happened a decade ago? Instead of continuing that commitment, the funding of intellectual development, and the research development, and the growth of the state, we started cutting taxes, but we cut taxes without any reference to problems to be met. In the last decade we have taken one and a half billion dollars out of the ability of the Legislature to deal with the problem. Think of what could have happened if we had not done that. We would have had that one and a half billion dollars last year and this year. We could have built all of these buildings at no interest cost to the state. More importantly, we could have maintained the operational budget. In this same period of time, the amount of the general fund that has gone to operating higher education in this state has dropped from 17.4% to 12.5%, which is a 30% cut. How did we make up that money? We raised tuition and fees and we now tax the students with self liquidation. We are now carrying a debt burden of more than seven hundred and fifty billion dollars. A progress board would at least make the Legislature stop and say wait a minute, what are the problems in education, health, children, crime, etc.? Here is the resource base, what will we do? We must face where we are to get to the next level of achievement and accomplishment. There are one million people in this state who live in poverty. There are 800,000 who can not read or write sufficiently to be in this economy. One out of three of our people do not have adequate health care. These are problems that have no political appeal like cutting taxes. Now the time has come for the state to face up to all of this. NC State will be the shining light to the state where its future really does lie. Last week-end in a report that has not been made available to everyone, MDC Incorporated said that the circumstances that Chancellor Fox described referencing globalization and the changing nature of the southern economy, mean that the universities are needed now more than ever before. Here is where we come in again. There has never been a time when the future is as bright as it is for North Carolina State University. This commission felt very deeply about the opportunity that North Carolina State has for leadership. I had the opportunity to say last week to our friends in Chapel Hill that it is time that we advocate membership of North Carolina State in the Association of American Universities. There is where it makes a difference. There is where you are qualified to be. If you continue with the drive and enthusiasm and quality of effort you have shown here in the last decade, I know that this state will be strong. Stand straight, as people will be very proud of what you do, what happens here with teaching and research and service. Above all, you must never forget that we do this because this institution is free. You can move and teach and say as we learn in the Pfesteria debate and everywhere else, truth helps us move forward. If I had an underscoring to say on behalf of this commission on the future, God Speed, let us know where we can help. Thank you for listening.
8. O. Max Gardner Award Committee Update
Comment from Cecil Brownie, 1999-2000 O. Max Gardner Award Committee Chair
The 0. Max Gardner Awards Committee is one of numerous University Standing Committees. I have had the pleasure of serving on this committee since 1998. Its uniqueness lies in the fact that annually members of this committee review nominees and recommend to the Chancellor a nominee from the North Carolina State University faculty. The nominee is someone who has made "contributions to the welfare of the human race," the basis on which this award is made. This award is the highest academic award bestowed annually on a faculty member from one of the sixteen campuses within the UNC System by the Board of Governors.
Since its inception in l949, NCSU nominees have been the recipients 22 times, most notably, each of the last four years. The recipient of the 2000 0. Max Gardner Award was Professor Joseph M. DeSimone, who is both the William Rand Kenan, Jr. Professor of Chemistry at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and Professor of Chemical Engineering at North Carolina State University. Although Professor DeSimone's nomination came from the University of North Carolina, we at North Carolina State University share and applaud his accomplishments by virtue of his dual professorship at both institutions.
I am happy to announce that the Chair of the 2000-2001 O. Max Gardner Award Committee is Professor Viney P. Aneja (Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences). I extend an open invitation to all administrators and faculty to participate in the selection process by forwarding the names, with supporting documents, of suitable nominees. Thanks.
9. Innovation in Academic Excellence
Provost Hall stated that this part of the program is dedicated to academic excellence. "I must say, if I may, that for all the invidious qualities of US News & World Report, I would be happy to note that at least we are headed in the right direction. In fact, we went from thirty-eighth in US News & World Report ranking of public institutions of higher education, to thirty-third. That took us out of the world of Auburn and Iowa State and Clemson and put us into the world of the University of Pittsburgh and Michigan State University. In fact, no public university this year in US News & World Report made any greater rise in the rankings than did North Carolina State University. Let me also take a moment to recognize some colleagues whose achievements were really collectively recognized at commencement this past spring. As you know, we established a program to recognize departments for outstanding teaching and learning, and in both of those cases we created a first annual award which now becomes a second annual award for the competition this year.
We are meeting in the home land of our colleagues in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, and I think it is fitting that we take this opportunity to learn first hand about some of their innovations and academic excellence that are emanating from this part of the campus. It is one thing to read about and see photographs with microscopic creatures which are a part of our environment, but quite another to be able to see fully animated images live on the screen and to be able to invoke all the power of digital imaging and processing to delve into the inner workings of the world of microscopic organisms. That is what students and courses in Botany and Zoology do in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. They do it through something called new video microscopy and imaging, in the laboratory in Gardener Hall. I would like to briefly introduce the two colleagues who will speak about their experiences in this new video microscopy and imaging laboratory. One is Dr. Betty L. Black, Professor of Zoology, who received her PhD from the University of Washington, and was awarded an NIA Post Doctoral Fellowship in the School of Medicine at the same institution. Dr. Black has had fifteen undergraduates involved in honors teaching projects that use video microscopy and computer technology. One of these students, I would note, received a first place award in last year’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences Honors Teaching Symposium. The other colleague this afternoon is Dr. Nina Stromgren Allen, Professor of Botany. She was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, and came to the United States with her parents. Along with her husband, she developed video microscopy. They hold the patent on that invention, and it has led to many discoveries. She joined the Department of Botany at North Carolina State in 1996, where she started the cellular and molecular imaging facility that now houses a number of different state-of-the-art video and laser scanning microscopes used by students and faculty across the university.
Comments from Dr. Betty L. Black, Professor of Zoology
For ten years I have taught a course in developmental anatomy and histology. The labs meet twice a week for two hours. Up until two years ago, I taught this in a fairly classical way, whereby students would look at slides of embryos and make drawings; look at slides of histology images and take notes on it. They seemed to find this pretty tedious. They had a tendency to leave class early. I began to get the feeling that this was a rather arcane way to teach the course. As a result, I had been thinking about introducing video microscopy, but did not have the facilities to do so. Then I was told that I needed to move into a different zoology laboratory. At the same time Dr. Allen was also searching for a room in which to teach an advanced video microscopy course. We were able to pool resources and obtain funds to renovate the old laboratory into a new modern video microscopy lab. Dr. Black thanked several people for providing funds and services for the renovation of the lab. She
stated that the lab consists of ten work stations. Each station has two computer setups. Students work in pairs. When doing video microscopy, they have some high quality microscopes for each work station, a color video camera, and both the computer and keyboard are underneath the table. Thereby students are able to spread their papers and books out. This is also important because a part of her lab is anatomy, and they do dissections as well as microscopy during the course of the semester. Instead of making drawings, the students now capture all their images directly from the computer screen and save them on a disk. Adobe Photoshop is used to open these images and the students rapidly catch on to labeling procedures. Dr. Black stated that the students coming in now have no problem learning this technology. They normally catch on to the technique in approximately ten minutes. "We can also capture video clips. We do this when we are looking at living embryos, which we can now do fairly extensively. At various stages the students can use the equipment to capture video clips that show beating hearts and blood flowing. This excites the students much more than the old fashioned way of teaching the course. They spend much more time studying the material. Two or three students and the instructor can look at the screen at the same time and find out things and discuss them. There is not only interaction between the students, but there is interaction between the instructor and students as well to a much greater extent."
Dr. Black stated that the TA’s do not grade drawings anymore; instead, they check images. Periodically the zip disks with the last few weeks worth of images are collected. The TA’s grade them on the computer and they use Photoshop to put red X’s through things that are wrong and write little red notes and arrows to correct misconceptions that the students might have. They are well on their way to being a paperless lab.
"Finally we kept a network setup where all of these computers are networked by wires that run to one another under the floor and also to an instructor’s computer. The instructor’s computer is able to access the world wide web also. Last spring I had students working in pairs in several of the labs, making each pair responsible for identifying and explaining one part within an organ system. One pair talked about the mouth, one pair the stomach, one pair the colon, etc. The presentation that resulted during this work occurred during the next lab period. Each pair of students was responsible for teaching their fellow student about that particular organ. We used the network for this so the presenter could simply sit in front of their own computer and whatever that student showed on the screen appeared on everyone else’s screen. People were able to sit in their own spots and see the presentation on the screens. The student or the instructor can access the world wide web from the instructor’s computer and show images from the web. Students can even send images to one another. That is the kind of use we are making of our lab. The students have been very enthusiastic about it. They hardly ever leave early anymore."
Comments from Dr. Nina Stromgren Allen, Professor of Botany
Dr. Allen emphasized that research and teaching are interactive. What develops as an active researcher is also something you can use in teaching. She stated that 1977 was the first year that she and her husband started teaching a light microscopy course at The Marine Biological Laboratory in Massachusetts. In 1980, during that course, they discovered video microscopy, and it has now become a tool in both teaching and research. "When I went to Wake Forest in 1984, I had this bee in my bonnet that I wanted to start a video microscopy course for undergraduates and I did. It turned out that undergraduates took to this because seeing is believing. Some of my former students are now MD; PhD’s; they started out getting excited about science by doing this. I came to NC State, and one of the things that I was asked to do was to teach summer short courses on video microscopy. That was very delightful, except that we had to borrow the equipment from the vendors and that took approximately one month to talk all the vendors into bringing what we needed. I had this vision of starting a semester course where you can also teach a lot more than in a week or two. It takes students time to sink physics and delicate computer software into their heads."
Dr. Allen stated that it takes more than just an idea. You have to work at it. Light microsopy has changed radically because of the electro optical combination. "We now have amazing counters that were developed by NASA that had been developed by astronomers, and that now are used in image capture on microscopes. Once you have captured the images, you can then use all the powers of computer to manipulate and improve those images.
Dr. Allen stated that cell imaging is going to be ever more important in conjunction with genomics and proteomics. You can with the latest microscopes localize one of several molecules in a cell. All of these will require the ability to image. It is incumbent on us to have our students have some of these techniques.
Dr. Allen mentioned that they have students coming in from fifth grade to faculty members. The minute you show people living things moving around, they get very excited because they have not seen them magnified or moving to that extent before.
Dr. Allen showed a discovery of an onion cell that was first made by an undergraduate student in her lab.
Dr. Allen reviewed what students learn in her course. She stated that they learn a variety of microscopes, how to capture and organize the images, and they have presentations in class in which they discuss and criticize each others’ images. Then they collect video images and make video presentations.
10. Special Select Committee on Reappointment, Promotion and Tenure
Dr. Ellis Cowing, Chair of the Reappointment, Promotion and Tenure Committee, stated that the committee has done what the Provost wanted done–that is, to have a dialogue with vigorous participation by a committee that would look at the issue of how to make this university work. The committee started in February. They gelled as committee within two weeks of their first meeting. Dr. Cowling noted that he had a wonderful committee. They had frank discussions about what was right and what was not yet fully developed to have to make this university a more effective institution and to encourage excellence and quality of performance of the sort that Chancellor Fox, Provost Hall, and President Emeritus of the UNC System Bill Friday have been longing for us to achieve. All the recommendations that were made are on the committee’s website . There are three that are of special significance.
One thing Provost Hall believes is that universities must measure what they value rather than value what they readily measure. "So what are the values that North Carolina State University holds dear? Among them are the development of knowledge, wisdom, and a moral commitment to help this country be better in all those respects that President Emeritus Friday was warning us about. We have tried to define six realms of responsibility--realms that include the teaching, research, and engagement and extension functions of this institution. We know that many in the teaching faculty, especially the extension faculty of this institution, do not feel that they are regarded on par with those who do research and teaching. We have tried to define the responsibilities, within the realms of faculty performance and have suggested two things: that there should be for every single one of us a statement of mutual expectations that we have as individual faculty and that we have with our department, a statement of mutual expectations about what the department and the college expects of us and what we expect of the department. What are the resources that every faculty member has to perform the teaching, research, inventions, the other things that matter here? We have suggested that every faculty member should have a statement of mutual expectations particular to that faculty position, and that every single faculty member should be in the business of making this a better university by making the best of each of ourselves. Self-improvement is an expectation. The thirteen people that served on this committee were among the most pleasurable contacts that I have had in my life at this institution. We have thought hard about how to help each of us contribute to making this the kind of exciting place it should be. We ought to be better than twenty-five. At being thirty-third we do not have much farther to go. If we are making good progress, let us sustain that progress. Let us count on what the Commission of the Future of this university has helped us outline for our achievement. Look at the guidelines that we have suggested that will augment what Provost Hall said in his September 7 memo. See if you do not agree that this committee has thought carefully and that you could be more nurtured and encouraged in your departments if this whole university would do more of what we have outlined in this final report."
Provost Hall said, "at the next Faculty Senate meeting I will be providing an appropriate response to all that is contained in this report. I will urge you to look at the memorandum that we have sent out to the faculty. The clearest indication that we can provide is that we have embraced all the major features of this report. I do think this is an appropriate occasion and, if I may, I would like to ask for some recognition for your colleagues who served on this committee. I believe that it is an outstanding report. It advances our course in terms of creating a university that is more faculty driven and more professional in its attitude toward all of these measures. So to Alice and all the colleagues who participated, I think we owe them a real round of applause."
Sandra Starling from the Department of Communications talked about the First Year College. She noted that the faculty at NC State take time to work with their students to help them grow academically and personally. "I think that we can be the nuts and bolts that enable our students to move forward to be competitive once they graduate. First Year College does an excellent job in providing yet other vehicle for you to help these students grow academically and personally." She had handouts that outlined various ways that the faculty can contribute to the programs that are offered in the First Year College. She pointed out opportunities for the faculty to serve in Fountain Dining Hall. She feels that this is an opportunity for the students to get to know the faculty outside of the classroom.
Ms. Starling noted that a marvelous thing that was demonstrated today is that the faculty have an opportunity to go into the First Year College classes and share with those students what their research is. She feels that excitement comes from people who are excited themselves. "If you feel that your research is beyond where they are, then look at your own life. Look at the ways that you contribute to the community, the ways that you reach out to the people of our area to show them the models that you are as members of our community. The First Year College welcomes you." She encouraged the faculty to find ways to become part of the program.
Chair Corbin thanked everyone for attending and adjourned the meeting at 5:30 p.m.