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Abstracts Summer 2010

August 2010, Vol. 15, No. 2
ISSN 1540 5273

Implementing Relationship Education with Low-Income Audiences

Naomi Weeks Brower, Utah State University

Abstract

This paper reports on the implementation of a nationally established research-based curriculum, How to Avoid Marrying a Jerk or Jerk-ette, with TANF recipients. Classes were held at the Department of Workforce Services (Utah’s TANF regulating agency) in an urban county, Weber County, in northern Utah. The goal of this paper is to discuss the details of this program’s development and replication by Extension agents in their counties or nationally. The program’s development was successful because of community partner collaborations. Full Text


Walk Across Arizona, Community-based Walking Program: Promoting and Sustaining Physical Activity in Older Adults

Nobuko Hongu, Linda M. Block, Stephanie A. Sanchez, Sharon Hoelscher Day and Robin B. Harris, The University of Arizona

Abstract

Most older Americans aged 65 years and older are not sufficiently active (have at least 150 minutes of physical activity a week). The Walk Across Arizona program started as a pilot project in one retirement community as a part of outreach from Cooperative Extension and the College of Public Health. The purposes of the program were promoting a healthy lifestyle and reducing social isolation among residents. Between 2005 and 2008, 675 participants completed pre and post event surveys and reported weekly miles walked through our Web site. Participants reported walking an average of 16 miles per week and maintained or increased activity over the 16-week program period. The Walk Across Arizona program is an excellent feasible model that Cooperative Extension can utilize to develop a long-term relationship within a community as a resource for healthy lifestyle program. It promotes physical activity using social network (sense of the community) and team concepts. Full Text


Instrument to Assess Perceived Effects of Stress on Dressing and Eating Behaviors

Jay Kandiah and Diana Saiki Ball State University

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to report preliminary findings about an original research instrument that assesses dressing and eating behaviors of females when under non-stressful and stressful conditions. The instrument, Stress Dressing and Eating Survey (SDES) included 51 questions divided into four sections: 1) demographics, 2) effort put forth to control dressing and making healthy eating choices, 3) patterns of dressing and eating when stressed, and 4) dress items worn and foods eaten when under non-stressful and stressful conditions. Test-retest results from 51 participants demonstrated that the SDES has the potential to be reliable and useful in FCS integrated programs related to food and dress. A t-test using this pilot data revealed stress influenced eating and dressing behaviors. The SDES instrument appears to be a useful tool for practitioners and researchers in the applied and scholarly areas of Family and Consumer Sciences.Full Text

Steps To a New You: A health-centered program that helps adults change physical activity, eating habits, and body image perceptions

Martha Raidl, Grace Wittman, Marnie Spencer, Laura Sant MS,Marsha Lockard and Joey Peutz, University of Idaho Boise

Abstract

Sixty-five women completed a six week health-centered program called Steps to a New You. It focused on three areas: (1) healthy and pleasurable eating, (2) physically active living and (3) respect and acceptance of body size differences. Paired pre- and post-test results showed participants made significant changes in all three areas. Healthy eating changes included an increase in fruit and vegetable intake. Physical activity improvements included adding physical activity to their daily routine multiple times during the day and participating in low-intensity and moderate-intensity physical activity weekly. They also recorded daily steps using a pedometer and at baseline averaged approximately 4900 steps/day that increased to approximately 7600 steps/day by week six. Participants started to accept body size differences by changing their outlook from a negative to a neutral position.Full Text

Validation of a Teen Paraprofessional Peer-Teaching Model In Teen Parenting Nutrition Education

Siew Sun Wong, Utah State University, Sylvia Keller,

Abstract

Peer teaching through a teen-paraprofessional model has not been tested in pregnancy nutrition education. This 20-week pilot study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of this model. Two teen mothers were trained as peer nutrition educators (PNE). The case group consisted of 23 14-18 year-old, non-pregnant, single females; for controls, 54 14-18 year-old females of similar characteristics but taught by adult educators. PNE taught 6 lessons to 10-13 participants over 3 weeks as an afterschool program. The study assessed knowledge, diet, physical activity, and behavior. A midterm assessment was also conducted among cases at week 20. PNE and participants improved in nutrition knowledge, diet, physical activity, and behaviors. Eighty-three percent of participants liked or very much liked to be taught by a peer. This pilot study found that teen mothers aged 18-19 are capable of teaching their peers accurate nutrition information and of effectively motivating them to achieve healthy lifestyles. Full Text


 

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