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House with native plants and animalsGoing Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
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Cucumber Magnolia (Magnolia acuminata)

Cucumber Magnolia is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 80 feet tall. The tree has alternate leaves with a smooth margin and a pale white underside. The bark is gray-brown with scaly ridges which are divided by shallow furrows. In late spring, 2.5- to 3-inch, green to greenish-yellow flowers mature high in the tree. The tree produces an aggregate of follicles which turn red at maturity in the late summer.

Wildlife

Twigs and buds are browsed by white-tailed deer. Seeds are eaten by birds and small mammals.

Plant Type Tree >30 feet
Leaf Type Deciduous
Deer Resistance Moderate
Regions Mountain, Piedmont
Light Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade
Soil Moist
Bloom Times Spring
Seed Times Late Summer
Wildlife Value Seed or Nut
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension