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House with native plants and animalsGoing Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
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Red Mulberry (Morus rubra)

Red Mulberry is a deciduous tree that may grow to 30 feet. The leaves are alternate and rough with a toothed margin and 0 to 3 lobes. The bark is gray-brown with long, scaly ridges. In spring, small, pale green male and female slim, cylindrical flowers mature. The small tree produces a 1- to 1.25-inch long cluster of drupes that matures in summer. Fruit resembles a blackberry.


Possible host plant for Red Admiral butterfly. Fruits are eaten by many birds, especially gray catbirds and northern mockingbirds, foxes, opossums, raccoons, and squirrels.

Plant Type Tree 10-30 feet
Leaf Type Deciduous
Deer Resistance Moderate
Regions Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Light Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade, Full Shade
Soil Moist, Dry
Bloom Times Spring
Seed Times Summer
Wildlife Value Fleshy Fruit, Butterfly Larvae Host
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension