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House with native plants and animalsGoing Native: Urban Landscaping for Wildlife with Native Plants
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Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum)

Highbush Blueberry is a deciduous shrub that may grow 8 to 15 feet in height. The leaves are alternate with a smooth or toothed margin and fuzzy underside. The bark is gray-brown to reddish brown and very shreddy. In early spring, small, white, bell-shaped flowers mature in clusters. The shrub produces a dark blue berry that matures in mid to late summer.


Host plant for the Brown Elfin butterfly. Adult butterflies nectar from the blooms. Fruits are eaten by songbirds, small mammals, ruffed grouse, wild turkeys, and black bears.

Plant Type Shrub
Leaf Type Deciduous
Deer Resistance Moderate
Regions Piedmont, Coastal Plain
Light Full Sun, Partial Sun/Shade
Soil Moist
Bloom Times Early Spring, Spring
Seed Times Late Summer
Wildlife Value Fleshy Fruit, Butterfly/Insect Nectar, Butterfly Larvae Host
NC Forest ServiceNC Cooperative Extension