Peer-reviewed, national & international science publications 1979-current

For reprints, please contact the CAAE at aquatic_ecology@ncsu.edu

Publications
2013 12 11 2010 09 08 07 06 05 04 03 02 01 2000 99 98 97 96 95 94 93 92 91 1990 89 88 86 85 84 83 79

2013

Burkholder, J.M. & P.M. Glibert (2013) Eutrophication and oligotrophication, pp. 347-371. In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd edition, Volume 3, by Levin S.A. (ed.). Academic Press, MA.

2012

Burkholder, J.M. & H.G. Marshall (2012) Toxigenic Pfiesteria species - updates on biology, ecology, toxins, and impacts. Harmful Algae 14: 196-230.

Glibert, P.M., J.M. Burkholder & T.M. Kana (2012) Recent insights about relationships between nutrient availability, forms, and stoichiometry, and the distribution, ecophysiology, and food web effects of pelagic and benthic Prorocentrum species. Harmful Algae 14: 231-259.

2011

Burkholder, J.M. & S.E. Shumway (2011) Bivalve shellfish aquaculture and eutrophication, pp. 155-215. In: Shellfish and the Environment, by Shumway SE (ed.). Wiley, New York.

Glibert, P.M. & J.M. Burkholder (2011) Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Strategies for nutrient uptake and growth outside the Redfield comfort zone. Chinese Journal of Oceanography 29: 724-738.

Glibert, P.M., D. Fullerton, J.M. Burkholder, J.C. Cornwell & T.M. Kana (2011) Ecological stoichiometry, biogeochemical cycling, invasive species, and aquatic food webs: San Francisco estuary and comparative systems. Reviews in Fisheries Science 19:4, 358-417.

Null, K.A., D.R. Corbett, D.J. DeMaster, J.M. Burkholder, C.J. Thomas & R.E. Reed (2011) Porewater advection of ammonium into the Neuse River Estuary, North Carolina, USA. Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf Science 95: 314-325.

2010

Burkholder, J.M., W. Frazier & M.B. Rothenberger (2010) Source water assessment and control/treatment strategies for harmful and noxious algae. In: Algae: Source to Treatment, AWWA Manual M57. American Water Works Association, Denver, Co.

May, S.P., J.M. Burkholder, S.E. Shumway, H. Hégaret, G.H. Wikfors & D. Frank (2010) Effects of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium monilatum on survival, grazing and behavioral response of three ecologically important bivalve molluscs. Harmful Algae 9: 281-293.

Reed, R.E., J.M Burkholder & E.H. Allen (2010) Recent developments in online monitoring technology for surveillance of algal blooms, potential toxicity, and physical-chemical structure in rivers, reservoirs and lakes. In: Algae: Source to Treatment, AWWA Manual M57. American Water Works Association, Denver, Co.

2009

Burkholder, J.M. (2009) Harmful algal blooms, pp. 264-285. In: Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Volume 1, by Likens GE (ed.). Elsevier, Oxford, UK.

Glibert, P.M., J.M. Burkholder, T.M. Kana, J. Alexander, H. Skelton & C. Shilling (2009) Grazing by Karenia brevis on Synechococcus enhances its growth rate and may help to sustain blooms. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 55: 17-30.

Rothenberger, M.B., J.M. Burkholder & C. Brownie (2009) Long-term effects of changing land use practices on surface water quality in a coastal river and lagoonal estuary. Environmental Management 44: 505-523.

Rothenberger, M.B., J.M. Burkholder & T.R. Wentworth (2009) Use of long-term data and multivariate ordination techniques to identify environmental factors governing estuarine phytoplankton species dynamics. Limnology & Oceanography 54(6): 2107-2127.

Skelton, H.M., J.M. Burkholder & M.W. Parrow (2009) Axenic cultivation of the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Pfiesteria shumwayae in a semi-defined medium. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 56: 73-82.

2008

Anderson, D.M., J.M. Burkholder, W.P. Cochlan, P.M. Glibert, C.J. Gobler, C.A. Heil, R.M. Kudela, M.L. Parsons, J. E.J. Rensel, D.W. Townsend, V.L. Trainer & G.A. Vargo (2008) Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Examining linkages from selected coastal regions of the United States. Harmful Algae 8: 39-53.

Burkholder, J.M., P.M. Gilbert & H.M. Skelton (2008) Mixotrophy, a major mode of nutrition for harmful algal species in eutrophic waters. Harmful Algae 8: 77-93.

Hégaret H., S.E. Shumway, G.H. Wikfors, S. Pate & J.M. Burkholder (2008) Potential transport of harmful algal via relocation of bivalve molluscs. Marine Ecology Progress Series 361: 169-179.

Heisler J., P.M. Glibert, J.M. Burkholder, D.M. Anderson, W. Cochlan, W.C. Dennison, Q. Dortch, C.J. Gobler, C.A. Heil, E. Humphries, A. Lewitus, R. Magnien,
H.G. Marshall, K. Sellner, D.A. Stockwell, D.K. Stoecker & M. Suddleson (2008) Eutrophication and harmful algal blooms: A scientific consensus. Harmful Algae 8: 3-13.

Holm, E.R., D.M. Stamper, R.A. Brizzolara, L. Barnes, N. Deamer & J.M. Burkholder (2008) Sonication of bacteria, phytoplankton and zooplankton: Application to treatment of ballast water. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56: 1201-1208.

Reed, R.E., D.A. Dickey, J.M. Burkholder, C.A. Kinder & C. Brownie (2008) Water level variations in the Neuse and Pamlico Estuaries, North Carolina due to local and remote forcing variability. Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf Science 76(2): 431-446.

Skelton, H.M., J.M. Burkholder & M.W. Parrow (2008) Axenic cultivation of the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Pfiesteria shumwayae and observations of feeding behavior. Journal of Phycology 44: 1614-1624.

2007

Burkholder, J.M., B. Libra, P. Weyer, S. Heathcote, D. Kolpin, P.S. Thorne & M. Wichman (2007) Impacts of waste from concentrated animal feeding operations on water quality. Environmental Health Perspectives 115: 308-312.

Burkholder, J.M., D.A. Tomasko & B.W. Touchette (2007) Seagrasses and eutrophication. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 350: 46-72.

Burkholder, J.M., G.M. Hallegraeff, G. Melia, A. Cohen, H.A. Bowers, D.W. Oldach, M.W. Parrow, M.J. Sullivan, P.V. Zimba, E.H. Allen, C.A. Kinder & M.A. Mallin (2007) Phytoplankton and bacterial assemblages in ballast water of U.S. military ships as a function of port of origin, voyage time, and ocean exchange practices. Harmful Algae 6: 486-518.

Moeller, P.D.R., K.R. Beauchesne, K.M. Huncik, W.C. Davis, S.J. Christopher, P. Riggs-Gelasco and A.K. Gelasco (2007) Metal complexes and free radical toxins produced by Pfiesteria piscicida. Environmental Science & Technology 41: 1166-1172.

Touchette, B.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2007) Carbon and nitrogen metabolism in the seagrass, Zostera marina L: Environmental control of enzymes involved in carbon allocation and nitrogen assimilation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 350: 216-233.

Touchette, B.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2007) Partitioning of cellular phosphomonoesterase activity between carbon source and sink tissues in Zostera marina L. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 342: 313-324.

Touchette, B.W., J.M. Burkholder, E.H. Allen, J.L. Alexander, C.A. Kinder, C. Brownie, J. James & C.H. Britton (2007) Eutrophication and cyanobacteria blooms in run-of-river impoundments in North Carolina, U.S.A. Lake and Reservoir Management 23: 179-192.

2006

Harmful Algae Special Issue: Ecology of Pfiesteria

Glibert, P.M. & J.M. Burkholder (2006) Toward an emerging consensus on the ecology of Pfiesteria. Harmful Algae 5(4): 339-341.

Glibert, P.M., J.M. Burkholder, M.W. Parrow, A.J. Lewitus & D.E. Gustafson (2006) Direct uptake of nitrogen by Pfiesteria piscicida and Pfiesteria shumwayae, and nitrogen nutritional preferences. Harmful Algae 5(4): 380-394.

Lewitus, A.J., M.S. Wetz, B.M. Willis, J.M. Burkholder, M.W. Parrow & H.B. Glasgow (2006) Grazing activity of Pfiesteria piscicida (Dinophyceae) and susceptibility to ciliate predation vary with toxicity status. Harmful Algae 5(4): 427-434.

Rublee, P.A., R. Nuzzi, R. Waters, E.F. Schaefer & J.M. Burkholder (2006) Pfiesteria piscicida and Pfiesteria shumwayae in coastal waters of Long Island, New York, USA. Harmful Algae 5(4): 374-379.

Skelton, H.M., M.W. Parrow & J.M. Burkholder (2006) Phosphatase activity in the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Pfiesteria shumwayae. Harmful Algae 5(4): 395-406.

Shumway, S.E., J.M. Burkholder & J. Springer (2006) Effects of the estuarine dinoflagellate Pfiesteria shumwayae (Dinophyceae) on survival and grazing activity of several shellfish species . Harmful Algae 5(4): 442-458.

Burkholder, J.M., R.V. Azanza & Y. Sako (2006) The ecology of harmful dinoflagellates, pp. 53-66.  In: The Ecology of Harmful Algae, by E. Graneli & J. Turner (eds.). Springer-Verlag, New York.

Burkholder, J.M., D.A. Dickey, C.A. Kinder, R.E. Reed, M.A. Mallin, M.R. McIver, L.B. Cahoon, G. Melia, C. Brownie, J. Smith, N. Deamer, J. Springer, H. Glasgow & D. Toms (2006) Comprehensive trend analysis of nutrients and related variables in a large eutrophic estuary: A decadal study of anthropogenic and climatic influences. Limnology & Oceanography 51: 463-487.

Burkholder, J.M. & P.M. Glibert (2006) Intraspecific variability: An important consideration in forming generalizations about toxigenic algal species. African Journal of Marine Science 28: 177-180.

Glibert, P.M. & J.M. Burkholder (2006) The complex relationships between increasing fertilization of the Earth, coastal eutrophication, and HAB proliferation, pp. 341-354. In: The Ecology of Harmful Algae, by E. Graneli & J. Turner (eds.). Springer-Verlag, New York.

Marshall, H.G., P.E. Hargraves, J.M. Burkholder, M.W. Parrow, M. Elbrächter, E.H. Allen, V.M. Knowlton, P.A. Rublee, W.L. Hynes, T.A. Egerton, D.L. Remington, K.B. Wyatt, A.J. Lewitus & V.C. Henrich (2006) Taxonomy of Pfiesteria (Dinophyceae). Harmful Algae 5: 481-496.

Parrow, M.W., M. Elbrächter, M.K. Krause, J.M. Burkholder, N.J. Deamer, N. Htyte & E.H. Allen (2006) The taxonomy and growth of a Crypthecodinium species (Dinophyceae) isolated from a brackish-water fish aquarium. African Journal of Marine Science 2006, 28(2): 185-191.

Zimba, P.V., A. Camus, E.H. Allen & J.M. Burkholder (2006) Co-occurrence of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, mortalities and microcystin toxin in a southeastern USA shrimp facility. Aquaculture 261: 1048-1055.

2005

Burkholder, J.M., A.S. Gordon, P.D. Moeller, J.M. Law, K.J. Coyne, A.J. Lewitus, J.S. Ramsdell, H.G. Marshall, N.J. Deamer, S.C. Cary, J.W. Kempton, S.L. Morton & P.A. Rublee (2005) Demonstration of toxicity to fish and to mammalian cells by Pfiesteria species: Comparison of assay methods and multiple strains. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102: 3471-3476.

Glibert, P.M., S. Seitzinger, C.A. Heil, J.M. Burkholder, M.W. Parrow, L.A. Codispoti & V. Kelly (2005) Eutrophication - new perspectives on its role in the global proliferation of harmful algal blooms. Oceanography 18: 198-209.

Parrow, M.W., J.M. Burkholder, N.J. Deamer & J.S. Ramsdell (2005) Contaminant-free cultivation of Pfiesteria shumwayae (Dinophyceae) on a fish cell line. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 39: 97-105.

Springer, J.J., J.M. Burkholder, P.M. Glibert & R.E. Reed (2005) Use of a real-time remote monitoring network (RTRM) and shipborne sampling to characterize a dinoflagellate bloom in the Neuse Estuary, North Carolina, U.S.A. Harmful Algae 4: 533-551.

2004

Burkholder, J.M., D. Eggleston, H. Glasgow, C. Brownie, R. Reed, G. Janowitz, M. Posey, G. Melia, C. Kinder, R. Corbett, D. Toms, T. Alphin, N. Deamer & J. Springer (2004) Comparative impacts of two major hurricane seasons on the Neuse River and Western Pamlico Sound Ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101(25): 9291-9296.

Burkholder, J.M., J.S. Ramsdell, P.D.R. Moeller, A.S. Gordon, A.J. Lewitus, H.B. Glasgow, H.G. Marshall & S.L. Morton (2004) Status of Pfiesteria science, including tests of Pfiesteria shumwayae strain CCMP 2089 for ichthyotoxicity and toxin, pp. 50-52. In: Harmful Algae 2002 - Proceedings of the Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, by K.A. Steidinger, J.A. Landsberg, C.R. Tomas & G.A. Vargo (eds.). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Institute of Oceanography, and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, St. Petersburg, FL.

Coyne, K.J., J.M. Burkholder, R.A. Feldman, D.A. Hutchins & S.C. Cary (2004) Modified serial analysis of gene expression method for construction of gene expression profiles of microbial eukaryotic species. Applied & Environmental Microbiology 70: 5298-5304.

Glasgow, H.B., J.M. Burkholder, R.E. Reed, A.J. Lewitus & J.E. Kleinman (2004) Real-time remote monitoring of water quality: a review of current applications, and advancements in sensor, telemetry, and computing technologies. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 300: 409-448.

Glibert, P.M., H. Glasgow & J. Burkholder (2004) Direct uptake of inorganic and organic nitrogen by Pfiesteria piscicida and P. shumwayae. Harmful Algae 3: 208.

Lewitus, A.J., H.A. Bowers, J.M. Burkholder, K.A. DeMattio, H.B. Glasgow Jr., K.C. Hayes, J.B. Kempton, C.J. Keppler, E.A. Monroe, A.H. Ringwood, S.B. Wilde & P.R. Williams (2004) Ecology of Pfiesteria spp. and raphidophyte blooms in South Carolina. Harmful Algae 3: 226-227.

Mallin, M.A., S.H. Ensign, D.C. Parsons, V.L. Johnson, J.M. Burkholder & P.A. Rublee (2004) Relationship of Pfiesteria spp. and pfiesteria-like organisms to environmental factors in tidal creeks draining urbanized watersheds, pp. 68-70. In: Harmful Algae 2002 - Proceedings of the Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, by K.A. Steidinger, J.A. Landsberg, C.R. Tomas & G.A. Vargo (eds.). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Institute of Oceanography, and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, St. Petersburg, FL.

Parrow, M.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2004) Observations on zygote development and postzygotic divisions in Pfiesteria piscicida and cryptoperidiniopsoids (Dinophyceae). Harmful Algae 3: 239-240.

Parrow, M.W., & J.M. Burkholder (2004) The sexual life cycles of Pfiesteria piscicida and cryptoperidiniopsoids (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 40: 664-673.

Parrow, M.W., N.J. Deamer, J.L. Alexander & J.M. Burkholder (2004) A cell cycle synchronization and purification technique for heterotrophic Pfiesteria and cryptoperidiniopsoid dinoflagellates analyzed by flow cytometry, pp. 420-422. In: Harmful Algae 2002 - Proceedings of the Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, by K.A. Steidinger, J.A. Landsberg, C.R. Tomas & G.A. Vargo (eds.). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Institute of Oceanography, and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, St. Petersburg, FL.

Reed, R.E., H.B. Glasgow, J.M. Burkholder & C. Brownie (2004) Seasonal physical-chemical structure, and acoustic Doppler current profiler flow patterns over multiple years in a shallow, stratified estuary, with implications for lateral variability. Estuarine, Coastal & Shelf Science 60: 549-566.

Rublee, P.A., C. Allen, E. Schaefer, L. Rhodes, J. Adamson, C. Lapworth, J. Burkholder & H. Glasgow (2004) Global distribution of toxic Pfiesteria complex species, pp. 320-322. In: Harmful Algae 2002 - Proceedings of the Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, by K.A. Steidinger, J.A. Landsberg, C.R. Tomas & G.A. Vargo (eds.). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Institute of Oceanography, and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, St. Petersburg, FL.

Shumway, S.E., S.E. Pate, J.J. Springer & J.M. Burkholder (2004) Shellfish as vectors for introduction of harmful algae, with emphasis on the toxic dinoflagellates Karenia brevis and Alexandrium monilatum. Harmful Algae 3: 248-249.

Springer, J., H.B. Glasgow & J.M. Burkholder (2004) Characterization of lectin binding profiles for Pfiesteria spp. and other dinoflagellates, pp. 255-257. In: Harmful Algae 2002 - Proceedings of the Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, by K.A. Steidinger, J.A. Landsberg, C.R. Tomas & G.A. Vargo (eds.). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Institute of Oceanography, and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, St. Petersburg, FL.

Zhang, C., E.H. Allen, H.B. Glasgow, P.D.R. Moeller, J.M. Burkholder, A.J. Lewitus, G.M. Melia & S.L. Morton (2004) Evaluation of toxicity in nine raphidophyte strains isolated from different geographic regions, pp. 198-200. In: Harmful Algae 2002 - Proceedings of the Xth International Conference on Harmful Algae, by K.A. Steidinger, J.A. Landsberg, C.R. Tomas & G.A. Vargo (eds.). Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Institute of Oceanography, and the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, St. Petersburg, FL.

2003

Brownie, C., H.B. Glasgow, J.M. Burkholder, R. Reed & Y. Tang (2003) Re-evaluation of the relationship between Pfiesteria and estuarine fish kills. Ecosystems 6: 1-10.

Fan, C., P.M. Glibert & J.M. Burkholder (2003) Characterization of the affinity for nitrogen, uptake kinetics, and environmental relationships for Prorocentrum minimum in natural blooms and laboratory cultures. Harmful Algae 2: 283-299.

Levin, E.D., W.P. Blackwelder, H.B. Glasgow, J.M. Burkholder, P.D.R. Moeller & J.S. Ramsdell (2003) Learning impairment caused by a toxin produced by Pfiesteria piscicida infused into the hippocampus of rats. Neurotoxicology & Teratology 25: 419-426.

Parrow, M.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2003) Estuarine heterotrophic cryptoperidiniopsoids (Dinophyceae): Life cycle and culture studies. Journal of Phycology 39: 678-696.

Parrow, M.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2003) Reproduction and sexuality in Pfiesteria shumwayae (Dinophyceae). Journal of Phycology 39: 697-711.

Tengs, T., H.A. Bowers, H.B. Glasgow, J.M. Burkholder & D.W. Oldach (2003) Identical ribosomal DNA sequence data from Pfiesteria piscicida (Dinophyceae) isolates with different toxicity phenotypes. Environmental Research 93: 88-91.

Touchette, B.W., J.M. Burkholder & H.B. Glasgow (2003) Growth and developmental responses of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) under increased temperature and water-column nitrate. Estuaries 26: 142-155.

2002

Anderson, D.M., P.M. Glibert & J.M. Burkholder (2002) Harmful algal blooms and eutrophication: Nutrient sources, composition, and consequences. Estuaries 25(4B): 704-726.

Burkholder, J.M. & H.B. Glasgow (2002) The life cycle and toxicity of Pfiesteria piscicida revisited. Journal of Phycology 38: 1261-1267.

Burkholder, J.M. (2002) Pfiesteria: the toxic Pfiesteria complex, pp. 2431-2447. Invited, peer-reviewed contribution for the Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology, by G. Bitton (ed.). Wiley Publishers, New York.

Burkholder, J.M. (2002) Cyanobacteria, pp. 952-982. Invited, peer-reviewed contribution for the Encyclopedia of Environmental Microbiology, by G. Bitton (ed.). Wiley Publishers, New York.

Jakobsen, K.S., T. Tengs, A. Vatne, H.A. Bowers, D.W. Oldach, J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow, P.A. Rublee & D. Klaveness (2002) Discovery of the toxic dinoflagellate Pfiesteria in northern European waters. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London (B) 269: 211-214.

Lewitus, A.J., K.C. Hayes, B.M. Willis, J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow, A.F. Holland, P.P. Maier, P.A. Rublee & R. Magnien (2002) Low abundance of the dinoflagellates, Pfiesteria piscicida, P. shumwayae, and Cryptoperidiniopsis spp., in South Carolina tidal creeks and open estuaries. Estuaries 25(4A): 586-597.

Parrow, M.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2002) Flow cytometric determination of zoospore DNA content and population DNA distribution in cultured Pfiesteria spp. (Pyrrhophyta). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 267: 35-51.

Parrow, M.W., J.M. Burkholder, N.J. Deamer & C. Zhang (2002) Vegetative and sexual reproduction in Pfiesteria spp. (Dinophyceae) cultured with algal prey, and inferences for their classification. Harmful Algae 1: 5-33.

Rhodes, L.L., J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow, P.A. Rublee, C. Allen, & J.E. Adamson (2002) Pfiesteria shumwayae (Pfiesteriaceae) in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research 36: 621-630.

Schmechel, D.E., J.M. Burkholder, D.K.Attix & H.B. Glasgow (2002) Microbiology No. MB 02-5 (MB-036). Check Sample American Society for Clinical Pathology 45(5): 65-88.

Springer, J.J., S.E. Shumway, J.M. Burkholder & H.B. Glasgow (2002) Interactions between the toxic estuarine dinoflagellate Pfiesteria piscicida and two species of bivalve molluscs. Marine Ecology Progress Series 245: 1-10.

Stoecker, D.K., M.W. Parrow, J.M. Burkholder & H.B. Glasgow (2002) Grazing by microzooplankton of Pfiesteria piscicida cultures with different histories of toxicity. Aquatic Microbial Ecology 28: 79-85.

Touchette, B.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2002) Seasonal variations in carbon and nitrogen constituents in eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) as influenced by increased temperature and water-column nitrate. Botanica marina 45: 23-34.

Touchette, B.W., J.M. Burkholder & H.B. Glasgow (2002) Growth and developmental responses of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) under increased temperature and water-column nitrate. Estuaries 26: 142-155.

2001

Environmental Health Perspectives Special Issue on Pfiesteria

Burkholder, J.M., H.B. Glasgow, N.J. Deamer-Melia, J. Springer, M.W. Parrow, C. Zhang & P.J. Cancellieri (2001) Species of the toxic Pfiesteria complex and the importance of functional type in data interpretation. Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 667-686.

Burkholder, J.M., H.G. Marshall, H.B. Glasgow, D.W. Seaborn & N.J. Deamer-Melia (2001) The standardized fish bioassay procedure for detecting and culturing actively toxic Pfiesteria, used by two reference laboratories for Atlantic and Gulf Coast States. Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 745-756.

Glasgow, H.B., J.M. Burkholder, M.A. Mallin, N.J. Deamer-Melia & R.E. Reed (2001) Field ecology of toxic Pfiesteria complex species and a conservative analysis of their role in estuarine fish kills. Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 715-730.

Melo, A.C., P.D.R. Moeller, H.B. Glasgow, J.M. Burkholder & J.S. Ramsdell (2001) Microfluorimetric analysis of a purinergic receptor (P2X7) in GH4C1 rat pituitary cells: Effects of a bioactive substance produced by Pfiesteria piscicida. Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 731-738.

Moeller, P.D.R., S.L. Morton, B.A. Mitchell, S.K. Sivertsen, E.R. Fairey, T.M. Mikulski, H.B. Glasgow, N.J. Deamer-Melia, J.M. Burkholder & J.S. Ramsdell (2001) Current progress in isolation and characterization of toxins isolated from Pfiesteria piscicida. Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 739-744.

Rublee, P.A., J.W. Kempton, E.F. Schaefer, C. Allen, J. Harris, D.W. Oldach, H. Bowers, T. Tengs, J.M. Burkholder & H.B. Glasgow (2001) Use of molecular probes to assess geographic distribution of Pfiesteria species. Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 765-767.

Burkholder, J.M. (2001) Chronic impacts from toxic microalgae on finfish, shellfish and human health, pp. 103-126. In: Waters in Peril, by L. Bendell-Young & P. Gallaugher (eds.). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.

Burkholder, J.M. (2001) Eutrophication and oligotrophication, pp. 649-670. In: Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Vol. 2, by Simon Levin (ed.). Academic Press, New York.

Burkholder, J.M. & H.B. Glasgow (2001) History of toxic Pfiesteria in North Carolina estuaries from 1991 to the present. Bioscience 51(10): 827-841.

Burkholder, J.M., H. B. Glasgow & N. Deamer-Melia (2001) Overview and present status of the toxic Pfiesteria complex (Dinophyceae). Phycologia 40(3): 186-214.

Cancellieri, P.J., J.M. Burkholder, N.J. Deamer-Melia & H.B. Glasgow (2001) Chemosensory attraction of zoospores of the estuarine dinoflagellates, Pfiesteria piscicida and P. shumwayae, to finfish mucus and excreta. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 264: 29-45.

Glasgow, H.B., J.M. Burkholder, S.L. Morton & J. Springer (2001) A second species of ichthyotoxic Pfiesteria (Dinamoebales, Dinophyceae). Phycologia  40(3): 234-245 (and cover).

Glasgow, H.B., J.M. Burkholder, S.L. Morton, J. Springer & M.W. Parrow (2001) Fish-killing activity and nutrient stimulation of a second toxic Pfiesteria species, pp. 97-100. In: Harmful Algal Blooms 2000 - Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Harmful Algal Blooms, by G.M. Hallegraeff, S.I. Blackburn, C.J. Bolch & R.J. Lewis (eds.). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO 2001, Paris.

Kimm-Brinson, K.L., P. D. R. Moeller, M. Barbier, H. Glasgow Jr., J.M. Burkholder & J.S. Ramsdell (2001) Identification of a P2X7 receptor in GH4C1 rat pituitary cells: A potential target for a bioactive substance produced by Pfiesteria piscicida. Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 457-462.

Parrow, M.W., H.B. Glasgow, J.M. Burkholder & C. Zhang (2001) Comparative response to algal prey by Pfiesteria piscicida, Pfiesteria shumwayae and an estuarine 'lookalike' species, pp. 101-104. In: Harmful Algal Blooms 2000 - Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Harmful Algal Blooms, by G.M. Hallegraeff, S.I. Blackburn, C.J. Bolch & R.J. Lewis (eds.). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris.

Rublee, P.A., J.W. Kempton, E.F. Schaefer, C. Allen, J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow, & D.W. Oldach (2001) Distribution of Pfiesteria sp. and an associated dinoflagellate along the U.S. East Coast during the active season in 1998 and 1999, pp. 89-91. In: Harmful Algal Blooms 2000 - Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Harmful Algal Blooms, by G.M. Hallegraeff, S.I. Blackburn, C.J. Bolch & R.J. Lewis (eds.). Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris.

Touchette, B.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2001) Nitrate reductase activity in a submersed marine angiosperm:  Controlling influences of environmental and physiological factors.  Plant Physiology & Biochemistry 39: 583-593.

2000

Bowers, H.A., T. Tengs, H.B. Glasgow, J.M. Burkholder & D.W. Oldach (2000) Development of real-time PCR assays for rapid detection of Pfiesteria piscicida and related dinoflagellates.  Applied & Environmental Microbiology 66: 4641-4648.

Burkholder, J.M. (2000) Critical needs in harmful algal bloom research, pp. 126-149. In: Opportunities for Environmental Applications of Marine Biotechnology. National Academy of Sciences- National Research Council, Washington, DC. 

Burkholder, J.M. (2000) Chronic impacts from toxic microalgae on finfish, shellfish and human health.  Invited chapter in:  Proceedings of the Symposium on Conservation Medicine, by C. Barakatt (ed.).  School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University.  Academic Press, New York.

Glasgow, H.B. Jr. & J.M. Burkholder (2000) Water quality trends and management implications from a five-year study of a eutrophic estuary.  Ecological Applications 10: 1024-1046.

Levin, E.D., A.H. Rezvani, N.C. Christopher, H.B. Glasgow Jr., N.J. Deamer-Melia, J.M. Burkholder, V.C. Moser & K. Jensen (2000) Rapid neurobehavioral analysis of Pfiesteria piscicida in juvenile and adult rats.  Neurotoxicology & Teratology 22(4): 533-540.

Levin, E.D., D.E. Schmechel, H.B. Glasgow, N.J. Deamer-Melia & J.M. Burkholder (2000) Pfiesteria toxin, pp. 975-976. In: Experimental and Clinical Neurotoxicology (2nd edn.), by P.S. Spencer, H.S. Shaumberg & A.C. Ludolph (eds.). Oxford University Press, New York.

Mallin, M.A., J.M. Burkholder, L.B. Cahoon & M.H. Posey (2000) The North and South Carolina Coasts.  Marine Pollution Bulletin 41: 56-75.

Oldach, D.W., C.F. Delwiche, K.S. Jakobsen, T. Tengs, E.G. Brown, J.W. Kempton, E.F. Schaefer, H. Bowers, H.B. Glasgow Jr., J.M. Burkholder, K.A. Steidinger & P.A. Rublee (2000) Heteroduplex mobility assay-guided sequence discovery: Elucidation of the small subunit (18S) rDNA sequences of Pfiesteria piscicida and related dinoflagellates from complex algal culture and environmental sample DNA pools.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 97: 4303-4308.

Touchette, B.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2000) Overview of the physiological ecology of carbon metabolism in seagrasses. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 250: 169-205.

Touchette, B.W. & J.M. Burkholder (2000) Review of nitrogen and phosphorus metabolism in seagrasses. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 250: 133-167.

1999

Burkholder, J.M.  (1999) The lurking perils of Pfiesteria. Scientific American 28(2): 28-35.

Burkholder, J.M. & H.B. Glasgow Jr. (1999) Science ethics and its role in early suppression of the Pfiesteria issue. Human Organization 58: 443-455.

Burkholder, J.M. & J.J. Springer (1999)  Signalling in dinoflagellates, pp. 335-359. In: Microbial Signalling & Communication, by R.R. England, G. Hobbs, N.J. Bainton & D.McL. Roberts (eds.). Fifty-Seventh Symposium of the Society for General Microbiology. Cambridge University Press.

Burkholder, J.M., M.A. Mallin & H.B. Glasgow Jr. (1999) Fish kills, bottom-water hypoxia, and the toxic Pfiesteria complex in the Neuse River and Estuary.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 179: 301-310.

Fairey, E.R., J.S. Edmunds, N.J. Deamer-Melia, H. B. Glasgow Jr., F.M. Johnson, P.R. Moeller, J.M. Burkholder & J.S. Ramsdell (1999) Reporter gene assay for fish killing activity produced by Pfiesteria piscicida. Environmental Health Perspectives 107: 711-714.

Harvell, C.D., K. Kim, J.M. Burkholder, R.R. Colwell, P.R. Epstein, D.J. Grimes, E.E. Hofmann, E.K. Lipp, A.D.M.E. Osterhaus, R.M. Overstreet, J.W. Porter, G.W. Smith & G.R. Vasta (1999) Emerging marine diseases: Climate links and anthropogenic factors.  Science 285: 1505-1510.

Lewitus, A.J., H.B. Glasgow Jr. & J.M. Burkholder (1999) Kleptoplastidy in the toxic dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria Piscicida (Dinophyceae).  Journal of Phycology 35: 303-312.

Lewitus, A.J., B.M. Willis, K.C. Hayes, J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow Jr., P.M. Glibert & M.K. Burke (1999) Mixotrophy and nitrogen uptake by Pfiesteria piscicida (Dinophyceae).  Journal of Phycology 35: 1430-1437.

Levin, E.D., B.B. Simon, D.E. Schmechel, H.B. Glasgow Jr., N.J. Deamer-Melia, J.M. Burkholder, V.C. Moser, K. Jensen & G.J. Harry (1999) Pfiesteria toxin and learning performance.  Neurotoxicology & Teratology 21(3): 215-221.

Rublee, P.A., J. Kempton, E. Schaefer, J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow Jr. & D. Oldach (1999) PCR and FISH detection extends the range of Pfiesteria piscicida in estuarine waters. Virginia Journal of Science 50: 325-336.

1998

Burkholder, J.M. (1998) Implications of harmful marine microalgae and heterotrophic dinoflagellates in management of sustainable marine fisheries. Ecological Applications 8(1) Suppl.: S37-S62.

Burkholder, J.M., H.B. Glasgow Jr. & A.J. Lewitus (1998) Physiological ecology of Pfiesteria piscicida with general comments on "ambush-predator" dinoflagellates, pp. 175-191In: Physiological Ecology of Harmful Algae, by D.M. Anderson, A. Cembella & G.M. Hallegraeff (eds.). NATO ASI Series G: Ecological Sciences, Vol. 41.  Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Burkholder, J.M., L.M. Larsen, H.B. Glasgow Jr., K.M. Mason, P. Gama & J.E. Parsons (1998) Influence of sediment and phosphorus loading on phytoplankton communities in an urban piedmont reservoir.  Lake & Reservoir Management 14: 110-121.

Glasgow Jr., H.B., A.J. Lewitus & J.M. Burkholder (1998) Feeding behavior of the ichthyotoxic estuarine dinoflagellate, Pfiesteria Piscicida, on amino acids, algal prey, and fish vs. mammalian erythrocytes, pp. 394-397.  In: Harmful Microalgae - Proceedings of the VIIth International Conference on Harmful Algal Blooms, by B. Reguera, J. Blanco, M.L. Fernandez & T. Wyatt (eds.).  Xunta de Galicia and Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, Paris.

1997

Burkholder, J.M. & H.B. Glasgow Jr. (1997) Pfiesteria piscicida and other toxic Pfiesteria-like dinoflagellates: Behavior, impacts, and environmental controls. Limnology & Oceanography 42: 1052-1075.

Burkholder, J.M. & H.B. Glasgow Jr. (1997) Trophic controls on stage transformations of a toxic ambush-predator dinoflagellate.  Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 44: 200-205.

Burkholder, J.M., M.A. Mallin, H.B. Glasgow Jr., L.M. Larsen, M.R. McIver, G.C. Shank, N. Deamer-Melia, D.S. Briley, J. Springer, B.W. Touchette & E.K. Hannon (1997) Impacts to a coastal river and estuary from rupture of a large swine waste holding lagoon. Journal of Environmental Quality 26: 1451-1466.

Levin, E.D., D.E. Schmechel, J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow Jr., N. Deamer-Melia, V.C. Moser & G.J. Harry (1997) Persistent learning deficits in rats after exposure to Pfiesteria piscicida. Environmental Health Perspectives 105(12): 1320-1325.

Mallin, M.A., J.M. Burkholder, G.C. Shank, M.R. McIver, H.B. Glasgow Jr., J. Springer & B.W. Touchette (1997) Comparative effects of poultry and swine waste lagoon spills on the quality of receiving streamwaters.  Journal of Environmental Quality 26: 1622-1631.

1996

Burkholder, J.M. (1996) Interactions of benthic algae with their substrata, pp. 253-297. In: Benthic Algae in Freshwater Ecosystems, by R.J. Stevenson, M. Bothwell & R.L. Lowe (eds.).  Academic Press, New York.

Noga, E.J., L. Khoo, J.B. Stevens, Z. Fan & J.M. Burkholder (1996) Novel toxic dinoflagellate causes epidemic disease in estuarine fish.  Marine Pollution Bulletin 32: 219-224.

Steidinger, K.A., J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow Jr., C.W. Hobbs, E. Truby, J. Garrett, E.J. Noga & S.A. Smith (1996) Pfiesteria piscicida gen. et sp. nov. (Pfiesteriaceae, fam. nov.), a new toxic dinoflagellate with a complex life cycle and behavior.  Journal of Phycology 32: 157-164 (and cover).

1995

Burkholder, J.M. & H.B. Glasgow (1995) Interactions of a toxic estuarine dinoflagellate with microbial predators and prey.  Archiv für Protistenkunde  145: 177-188.

Coleman, V.L. & J.M. Burkholder (1995). Response of microalgal epiphyte communities to nitrate enrichment in an eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadow.  Journal of Phycology 31: 36-43.

Burkholder, J.M., H.B. Glasgow Jr. & K.A. Steidinger (1995) Stage transformations in the complex life cycle of an ichthyotoxic "ambush-predator" dinoflagellate, pp. 567-572In: Harmful Marine Algal Blooms, by P. Lassus, G. Arzul, E. Erard, P. Gentien & C. Marcaillou (eds.).  Lavoisier, Intercept Ltd., Paris.

Burkholder, J.M., H.B. Glasgow & C.W. Hobbs (1995) Fish kills linked to a toxic ambush-predator dinoflagellate:  Distribution and environmental conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 124: 43-61.

Mallin, M.A., J.M. Burkholder, L.M. Larsen & H.B. Glasgow Jr. (1995) Response of two zooplankton grazers to an ichthyotoxic estuarine dinoflagellate.  Journal of Plankton Research 17: 351-363.

Glasgow, H.B. Jr., J.M. Burkholder, D.E. Schmechel, P.A. Tester & P.A. Rublee (1995) Insidious effects of a toxic dinoflagellate on fish survival and human health.  Journal of Toxicology & Environmental Health 46: 501-522.

Steidinger, K.A., E.W. Truby, J.K. Garrett & J.M. Burkholder (1995) The morphology and cytology of a newly discovered toxic dinoflagellate, pp. 83-88.  In: Harmful Marine Algal Blooms, by P. Lassus, G. Arzul, E. Arzul, E. Erard, P. Gentien & C. Marcaillou (eds.).  Lavoisier, Intercept Ltd., Paris.

Lewitus, A.J., R.V. Jesien, T.M. Kana, J.M. Burkholder, H.B. Glasgow Jr. & E. May (1995) Discovery of the "phantom" dinoflagellate in Chesapeake Bay.  Estuaries 18: 373-378.

1994

Burkholder, J.M., H.B. Glasgow, Jr. & J.E. Cooke (1994) Comparative effects of water-column nitrate enrichment on eelgrass Zostera marina, shoalgrass Halodule wrightii, and widgeongrass Ruppia maritima. Marine Ecology Progress Series 105: 121-138.

Coleman, V.L. & J.M. Burkholder (1994) Community structure and productivity of epiphytic microalgae on eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) under water-column nitrate enrichment.  Journal of Experimental Marine Biology & Ecology 179: 29-48.

1993

Burkholder, J.M. & J.E. Parsons (1993) Sediment and phosphorus loading: Predicting water quality in urban piedmont reservoirs. Report No. 274.  Raleigh, UNC Water Resources Research Institute, 194 pp.

Noga, E.J., S.A. Smith, J.M. Burkholder, C.W. Hobbs & R.A. Bullis (1993) A new ichthyotoxic dinoflagellate: Cause of acute mortality in aquarium fishes.  Veterinary Record 133: 48-49.

1992

Burkholder, J.M. (1992) Phytoplankton and episodic suspended sediment loading: Phosphate partitioning and mechanisms for survival.  Limnology & Oceanography 37: 974-988.

Burkholder, J.M., K.M. Mason & H.B. Glasgow Jr. (1992) Water-column nitrate enrichment promotes decline of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.): Evidence from seasonal mesocosm experiments.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 81: 163-178.

Burkholder, J.M., E.J. Noga, C.W. Hobbs, H.B. Glasgow Jr. & S.A. Smith (1992) New "phantom" dinoflagellate is the causative agent of major estuarine fish kills.  Nature 358: 407-410.

Mallin, M.A., J.M. Burkholder & M.J. Sullivan (1992) Contributions of benthic microalgae to coastal fishery yield.  Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 121: 691-695.

Martin, T.H., L.B. Crowder, C.F. Dumas & J.M. Burkholder (1992) Indirect effects of fish on macrophytes in Bays Mountain Lake:  Evidence for a littoral trophic cascade.  Oecologia 89: 476-481.

1991

Burkholder, J.M. & B.E. Cuker (1991) Response of periphyton communities to clay and phosphate loading in a shallow reservoir.  Journal of Phycology 27: 373-384.

Everitt, D.T. & J.M. Burkholder (1991) Seasonal dynamics of macrophyte communities from a stream flowing over granite flatrock in North Carolina, U.S.A.  Hydrobiologia 222: 159-172.

1990

Burkholder, J.M. & R.G. Wetzel (1990) Epiphytic alkaline phosphatase on natural and artificial plants in an oligotrophic lake: Re-evaluation of the role of macrophytes as a phosphorus source for epiphytes. Limnology & Oceanography 35: 736-747.

Burkholder, J.M., R.G. Wetzel & K. L. Klomparens (1990) Direct comparison of phosphate uptake by adnate and loosely attached microalgae with an intact biofilm matrix.  Applied & Environmental Microbiology 56: 2882-2890.

Cuker, B.E., P. Gama & J.M. Burkholder (1990) Type of suspended clay influences lake productivity and phytoplankton community response to phosphorus loading.  Limnology & Oceanography 35: 830-839.

1989

Burkholder, J. M. & R.G. Wetzel (1989) Epiphytic microalgae on natural substrata in a hardwater lake:  Seasonal dynamics of community structure, biomass and ATP content.  Archives für Hydrobiologie/Supplement  83: 1-56.

Burkholder, J.M. & R.G. Wetzel (1989) Microbial colonization on natural and artificial macrophytes in a phosphorus-limited hardwater lake.  Journal of Phycology 25: 55-65.

1988

Moeller, R.E., J.M. Burkholder & R.G. Wetzel (1988) Significance of sedimentary phosphorus to a rooted submersed macrophyte (Najas flexilis) and its algal epiphytes.  Aquatic Botany 32: 261-281.

Sheath, R.G. & J.M. Burkholder (1988) Stream macroalgae, pp. 53-59In: Freshwater and Marine Plants of Rhode Island, by R.G. Sheath & M.M. Harlin (eds.).  Kendall/Hunt Publishers, Dubuque (IA),149 pp.

1986

Bachmann, M.D., R.G. Carlton, J.M. Burkholder & R.G. Wetzel (1986) Symbiosis between salamander eggs and green algae:  Microelectrode measurements inside eggs demonstrate effects of photosynthesis on oxygen concentrations.  Canadian Journal of Zoology 64: 1586-1588.

Sheath, R.G., J.M. Burkholder, J.A. Hambrook, A. Hogeland, E.Hoy, M.E. Kane, M.O. Morison, A.D. Steinman & K.L. Van Alstyne (1986) Characteristics of softwater streams in Rhode Island. III. Distribution of macrophytic vegetation in a small drainage basin.  Hydrobiologia 140: 183-191.

Sheath, R.G., J.M. Burkholder, M.O. Morison, A.D. Steinman & K.L. Van Alstyne (1986) Effect of tree canopy removal by gypsy moth larvae on the macroalgae of a Rhode Island headwater stream.  Journal of Phycology 22: 567-570.

1985

Burkholder, J.M. & R.G. Sheath (1985) Characteristics of softwater streams in Rhode Island, U.S.A.  I. A comparative analysis of physical and chemical features.  Hydrobiologia 128: 97-108.

Sheath, R.G. & J.M. Burkholder (1985) Characteristics of softwater streams in Rhode Island.  II. Composition and seasonal dynamics of macroalgal communities.  Hydrobiologia 128: 109-118

1984

Burkholder, J.M. & R.G. Sheath (1984) The seasonal distribution, abundance and diversity of desmids (Chlorophyta) in a softwater, north temperate stream.  Journal of Phycology 20: 159-172.

1983

Sheath, R.G. & J.M. Burkholder (1983) Morphometry of Batrachospermum populations intermediate between B. boryanum and B. ectocarpum (Rhodophyta).  Journal of Phycology 19: 324-331.

1979

Burkholder, J.M. & R.W. Bachmann (1979) Potential phytoplankton productivity in three Iowa streams. Proceedings of the Iowa Academy of Sciences 86: 22-25.

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